Let’s get this out of the way: put simply, fermentation is the process of transforming food by bacteria, yeasts or other microorganisms. Wait! Before you close your computer in disgust, there are a few things you should know about the process of fermentation and the incredible health benefits it can offer. Fermentation is used to produce some of our most beloved and common foods, including alcohol, yogurt, and sourdough bread. Not so scary, right? Fermentation is a natural phenomenon that humans have been using for culinary benefits for centuries. All over the world, fermented foods play key roles in diets. Whether it’s kimchi in Korea, Kefir in the Middle East, or sauerkraut in Germany, people all over the globe have long recognized both the deliciousness and potent nutritional benefits. In the past 15 years, fermented foods of all types have begun to gain popularity in the U.S. for these same reasons. If you haven’t yet, it’s time to tap into the ancient wisdom of fermentation. Fermentation occurs naturally when bacteria is given the chance to transform the carbohydrates in food into more elemental forms, such as alcohol or acid. In the case of fermented foods, the live, lact...